Few jazz festivals in the world pride themselves with a tradition and continuity comparable with the musical gathering that take place each spring in Sibiu

In the early 70's, in Ploiesti, took place the first three editions of the National Jazz Festival. Due to reasons of "ideological pollution", the Festival was moved to Sibiu, in 1974. Enjoying the respect and support even from the official communist authorities, it was organised by the dedicated team of the Sibiu Jazz Club, the most powerful jazz club in the country at that time.

Starting with 1997, Sibiu Jazz Festival Foundation took over the noble mission of continuing the tradition of the Festival, which was considered a cornerstone of authentic culture during the communist time. The team is coordinated by Simona Adina Maxim, Executive Director and H. Johannes Konstantin Schmidt, Artistic Director and founder member of Sibiu Jazz Club.

Along the years, the Festival launched national jazz, valuable musicians. There aren't any Romanian jazz musicians, not to be influenced in their evolution, in a way or another, by the Sibiu Jazz Festival. The international participation is part of an opened artistic perception towards various horizons. A list, even incomplete, of the international musicians who performed in the Festival, speaks for itself: Ron Carter, Toots Thielemans, Archie Shepp, Didier Lockwood, Dee Dee Bridgewater, Jan Garbarek, Bill Evans, Charles Lloyd, Birelli Lagrene, Chucho Valdes, Arturo Sandoval etc.

In 2005, the Festival is recognised as the most important of its kind in Romania, being the first Romanian member of the most important network of festivals and jazz promoters in Europe: Europe Jazz Network.